Customised search for historical information

29 December 2009

On this day in history: First Spanish Republic ended, 1874

In February, 1873 King Amadeo I abdicated from the Spanish throne. Three years earlier, following the revolution against Queen Isabella II, the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales, had elected Amadeo, an Italian prince, as King to reign as a constitutional monarch. Political infighting within the Cortes hampered his ability to respond to successive disasters: uprisings in support of the restoration of the Bourbon dynasty, known as Carlists; republican revolts; and even assassination attempts. Amadeo finally gave up and returned to Italy as the Duke of Aosta, after the increasingly radical government forced him to sign a decree to sack a group of artillery officers who had refused to take orders from their new commander.

The day after the abdication, the Cortes voted that Spain become a republic but could not agree on what form it should take, some preferred that Spain become a federation while others wanted a unitary republic. The divisions in Spanish society undermined the republic as they had done with the constitutional monarchy. In January, 1874 the Captain General of Madrid, Manuel Pavía, declared his opposition to the federalism, which resulted in the formation of a unitary government without the federalists and monarchists.

With the Cortes disbanded the fate of the nation rested in the hands of the military forces of the various factions. The republican army managed to reverse the territorial gains made by the Carlists before deciding not to oppose Brigadier Martínez Campos when he declared his support for the Bourbon Prince Alfonso, son of Isabella, on 29th December 1874. Having lost control of their armed forces the government of the first republic collapsed, paving the way for the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy.

Related posts
Restoration of the Portuguese monarchy: 1st December 1640
Venezuelan Declaration of Independence: 5th July 1811
Peruvian independence declared: 28th July 1821

4 comments:

dave hambidge said...

I have very much enjoyed looking around this blog, my favourite way to present history.

Demonic Blogger said...

Informative Content..
Keep Writing. :)

-
Barusahib


Barusahib

Barusahib

Stepterix said...

Thank you both for the kind words

juegos said...

Sr. Cashman, le doy las gracias por esta información. Friv 2019 Gry Friv 2018 Gry Friv 3 n todo momento puede Jeux De Friv Friv 2019 optar por compartir su información personal con terceros. Juegos Friv 2019 Juegos Friv 2020 Gry Friv Jogos Friv Gracias por compartir su pasión por el mejoramiento de las vidas de los niños en el Estado de Nueva York.